A sociologist thinks cars 'are a weapon of mass destruction' and that we need to be less dependent on them
Sept. 10, 2019
In his latest book, German author and sociologist Klaus Gietinger, calls cars a "weapon of mass destruction" and says that driving is a "drug" that kills millions of people.
The German sociologist lists pollution, lack of space, and death by road traffic injuries as some of the major factors as to why cars should be limited.
He explains that governments should instead focus on rebuilding failing transportation systems and putting more money into the bicycle industry.
While there is a significant rise in environmental-friendly transport, Gietinger still believes that inventions such as e-cars will not solve the problem.
Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.
Klaus Gietinger is actively leading a campaign against cars. Nine years ago, the German author, filmmaker, and sociologist published his first book on the topic, appropriately naming it: " The car-hating book" . This year, his newest addition, "Why the car has no future, but we can still make progress" , is yet another plea to abolish the four-wheeled vehicles once and for all.
"The car is a weapon of mass destruction", explains Gietinger in an interview with Business Insider. "Every year, 1.35 million people die due to road traffic injuries," he says, quoting a recent report by the World Health Organization (WHO) . This makes it the eighth most frequent cause of death worldwide. As a comparison, almost 22,000 people died worldwide in 2017 because of terrorism, according to IHS Markit .
This is not even considering the environmental pollution that cars are causing. "Cars not only kill people on the road, but they also make a significant contribution to CO2 emissions," the author explains.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency agrees with Gietinger: Transport is the only sector that has not reduced its greenhouse gas emissions since 1990 and has even seen an increase since. In 2017, the greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector accounted for about 28.9% of total US emissions — officially making it the largest contributor to greenhouse gas emissions in the country. "Our industry is designed to grow excessively," says Gietinger. "But the earth is not excessive, it is finite."
"The car industry is a drug cartel"
So why, despite all these disadvantages to having a car, do so many people still drive them? "The car industry is a drug cartel," says the sociologist. "Driving a car is a kind of drug. By simply pressing down on the accelerator, you can reach a high speed. This action intoxicates you". This is why Gietinger calls those who consider themselves car fans, "junkies".
But whoever lives in rural areas might disagree with the author. Without a car, people living outside of cities wouldn't be able to go to work, see friends or go shopping. But Gietinger turns this argument around, saying: "Cars are the reason why people in rural areas are dependent on cars."
"Motorization has led to us to drive further and faster," says the sociologist. "But, humans actually always lived in close proximity to things. In the past, everything was close at hand: A corner shop, a pub, a cinema, a swimming pool," he says. "Today you have to go there by car."
A shift in public transportation
In some cases, the car industry even contributed to a change in public transportation. In the US, General Motors bought the tram networks in some cities in the first half of the 20th century and then had them shut down or replaced by buses. "The USA had the largest railway network in the world," says Gietinger. "Now not even half of it is left."
"Bad transport connections can be changed," says Gietinger. "We need better public transport and a railway network." New inventions could also help switch out cars for more environmentally friendly alternatives: "You can cover more distance in less time with an e-bike. If you have an e-bike and a train station nearby, you no longer need a car."
Cars also take up a lot of valuable space in the city. According to a report by "Die Zeit" , a car driving at a speed of 31 miles per hour, with an additional safe distance to another car of 1500 square ft take up quite a lot of space. An average car that is parked still needs 145 square ft just by standing still. To compare, a pedestrian does not even occupy one square foot.
The more cars, the more jobs
However, the car industry in America also provides many jobs. The Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers estimates that the car industry supports a total of 9.9 million American jobs — making up 5.1% of private-sector employment.
There are even more people working indirectly for the automotive industry, for example in car workshops and driving schools, in logistics, in the insurance industry or in advertising. There are around 430,000 people employed directly or indirectly in the American public transport industry , which is worth about $71 billion.
However, Gietinger points out that a conversion to a more climate-friendly economy will also create jobs, whether this means expanding public transport or working on renewable energies.
But the sociologist still isn't convinced of electric vehicles: "Autonomous cars will allow people to work and do much more while on the road. This means that people will drive even more and, as a result, traffic will get worse. E-cars won't solve the space problem in the city either. Finally, their benefits for the environment are controversial anyway."
Weaning off the drug
Gietinger does not want to ban cars, but he wants to make them less attractive. He proposes two ways of doing this: making parking spaces in the city much more expensive and creating more space for pedestrians and cyclists. He also proposes speed limits be reduced in order to limit the "intoxicating effects" of driving. The maximum speed should be 62 miles per hour on the motorway, 40 miles per hour on a country road and 19 miles per hour in the city, according to Gietinger.
But how does he intend to "wean" people off the drug and convince them to abolish their cars completely? "We must make it clear to people that we don't have much time left," says Gietinger. The sociologist hopes that movements like "Fridays for Future" or Extinction Rebellion will lead to a change in consciousness.
But although the consequences of climate change are already being felt, this has had little effect on consumer behavior so far. According to Statista , more than 272 million cars are registered in America — 79 million more than in 1990. Other industries, like the aviation industry, still have a long way to go.
"This is a difficult process," admits Gietinger. "The car industry and the junkies will resist. The aim is to break this resistance."
This post originally appeared on Business Insider Deutschland and has been translated from German.
Google Whistleblower Hints Wife’s Fatal Crash Might Be Connected to Testimony About Search EngineWomen's Olympic football qualifiers moved from China virus epicentreMUST-SEE: The Kardashian Jenner Sisters' Strangest Talents Ever!Deadly crash under investigation in Madison CountySmoke fills Kenora sky after apparent fire near lakeside hotel