Collaboration – US Primary Elections
Feb. 17, 2020
Peter R. Bernal
The path of the Democratic and Republican candidates is long and tedious, they are six months (until June 6) of competitive and expensive primary elections across the United States (USA) in the search for the nomination official of their parties, to aspire to the presidency, in the general voting on Tuesday, November 3, 2020. The electoral system of the primaries is indirect, since “delegates” are elected, who will later nominate the official candidate of their party , in their national conventions. The Democrats use proportional representation, that is, if one of them gets 50% of the votes, he keeps that same percentage of delegates, but at least 15% of the votes need to be reached. Republicans use various formulas according to the state
The inaugural stop was in Iowa, one of the 16 states with elections in “Caucus”. The second was in New Hampshire, where according to tradition, some presidential candidates are stranded. The winners use it to continue promoting their ideals, raise money and survive Nevada and South Carolina. Caucuses are party meetings or assemblies in which it is decided which candidate the delegates will support. The neighbors debate and formulate their vote on paper or raising their hands. This year we will have partisan assemblies in addition to Iowa and Nevada, in states such as: Alaska, District of Colombia, Idaho, Hawaii, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Nebraska and Washington,
Now the great electoral party for the candidates who survive the 4 February primaries, especially the Democrats, begins on March 3, with the so-called “Mother of all Primary” or “Super Tuesday”, where 14 elections will be held, with some 1,357 delegates at play, one third of the total and those still competing, will measure their strength in states such as: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah , Vermont, Virginia and the Democrat in Samoa, where their results, can indicate sine qua non, who or who of the suitors can reach the end. Time to time!
Democrats elect 4,750 delegates, of whom 3,979 will be committed to their candidate, in the first round of voting and 771 are super delegates. If no candidate obtains 1,990 votes in the first round, a second round will be taken, where the controversial super delegates would vote and it would be necessary to obtain 2,376 of the 4,750 delegates and super delegates to be nominated. If no candidate gets the necessary majority, this convention would be called “Brokered or Contested Convention” something that has not happened since 1952, when the Democrats nominated in a third round, Ambassador Adlai Stevenson, as their presidential candidate to face the Republican Gral.Dwight David “Ike” Eisenhower. The Republicans are distributed 2,472 delegates of which 150 are super delegates, who nevertheless vote, for the suitor who obtained the most votes in the elections in each state.
It is good to emphasize, to understand the process of the primaries, that in significant and abundant states of electoral votes such as; Massachusetts, Texas, Florida, New York and California, conventional primaries are held and not all follow the same systematic pattern for their constituents as there are four ways to vote; the open, closed, semi-closed and top-two type. The first three correspond to the partisan system, while the fourth is qualified as non-partisan. In the open, anyone can vote, regardless of voter affiliation. In the closed ones, on the other hand, only those who are registered in one of the matches are entitled to vote. In semi-closed, voters registered in one of the political parties, can vote for their favorite candidate, non-affiliates can opt for any of the candidates without having to register. In the top-two, residents, whether affiliated or not, may participate.
Once the primaries have been finalized, the respective conventions will be held, in which they formally define, among others, their political platform and all delegates select their official presidential candidate and approve their option to the vice presidency. Democrats will celebrate them from July 13 to 16 in the city of Milwaukee, Wisconsin and Republicans in Charlotte, North Carolina, from August 24 to 27.
With this perspective, US citizens have one of the most competitive electoral systems in the western world. There will be sweets for everyone.
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