How To Sight A Suicidal Person And Give Help
Sept. 10, 2019
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Suicide is defined as intentionally taking one’s own life and comes from the Latin suicidium, which literally means “to kill oneself.” It tends to carry different traits depending on the culture. Historically, and still today in some locations, suicide is considered a criminal offense, a religious taboo, and, in some cases, an act of honor (e.g., kamikaze and suicide bombings).
Suicide has ranked the 10th leading cause of death world over with men with men up to four times more likely to kill themselves than women. According to the CDC, male deaths represent 79% of all US suicides.2 However, the rates for non-fatal attempted suicide are four times more likely in women than men and are more common in young adults/adolescents.
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The most implicated risk factors for suicide are psychiatric/ mental disorders, genetics, substance abuse, and family and social situations. Also, bear in mind that access to weapons and other lethal means increase the risk of suicide.
Other risk factors include mood disorders like depression and bipolar disorder. A tragic loss and other event may trigger suicidal thoughts and actions.
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Males are four times more likely than females to commit suicide
Females are more likely to have thoughts of suicide
Females are four times more likely than men to attempt suicide
Males are most likely to use firearms to commit suicide
Females are most likely to use poisoning to commit suicide
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Warning Signs of Suicide
Often talking or writing about death, dying or suicide
Making comments about being hopeless, helpless or worthless
Expressions of having no reason for living; no sense of purpose in life; saying things like "It would be better if I wasn't here" or "I want out."
Increased alcohol and/or drug misuse
Withdrawal from friends, family and community
Reckless behavior or more risky activities, seemingly without thinking
Dramatic mood changes
Talking about feeling trapped or being a burden to others
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Prevention And How To Help
When it comes to prevention, we must acknowledge that the best of preventions methods and treatment are based on the patient risk factors.
One of the most common suicide prevention techniques is psychotherapy— also known as talk therapy —in the form of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) or Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT). These should be carried out by professionals.
But the first thing to do if a person indicates to you they are considering suicide is to immediately take them serious and not talk them down or make them feel stupid for saying it.
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Five tips from CDC for what you can do if you're concerned about a friend or loved one:
Ask someone you are worried about if they're thinking about suicide. (While people may be hesitant to ask, research shows this is helpful.)
Keep them safe. Reduce access to lethal means for those at risk.
Be there with them. Listen to what they need.
Help them connect with ongoing support.
Stay connected. Follow up to see how they’re doing
I would also advice you get them professional help if these are not enough.
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