4 Groups, Including IPOB, Designated As Terrorist Organizations By The Federal Government
Ntukuyoh, Nseobong O.
Dec. 25, 2019
They all have different ideologies and separate means of achieving their goals. Some are extremely violent, others believe they are peaceful but resilient. But, for some reason, the Nigerian government thinks the following groups all have the same purpose — to destabilize the country.
Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB)
Founded by Nnamdi Kanu, the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) is a group that seeks to break away from Nigeria and form an independent nation called Biafra for the people of old Eastern Region of Nigeria. The group claims that Biafrans are marginalized by the Nigerian government.
In the last four years, large numbers of IPOB supporters have gathered in protest around Nigeria but their marches have almost always been broken up by security officials. Clashes between the police and IPOB members have reportedly claimed over a hundred lives, especially from the side of the Biafra supporters.
In September 2017, The Defence Headquarters declared IPOB a militant terrorist organization.
Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN)
Led by Sheikh Zakzaky, the Islamic Movement of Nigeria, headquartered in Zaria, is a religious organization inspired by the Iranian Revolution and focused building a permanent Islamic state within Nigeria. The group rejects the authority of the Nigerian Government and its supporters have been involved in many violent clashes with the state in recent years.
Last July, the Nigerian Government banned the IMN after the Federal High Court in Abuja ruled the government could label it as a "terrorist organization."
The Islamic State's West Africa Province, commonly known as Boko Haram, is a militant organization based in northeastern Niger, Chad, Niger, and northern Cameroon. Founded by the late Mohammed Yusuf in 2002, its goal is to establish an Islamic caliphate in northern Nigeria. At least 27,000 people have been killed and 1.8 million displaced since Boko Haram began its uprising in 2009.
In June 2013, President Goodluck Jonathan officially declared Boko Haram a terrorist group and banned it under Nigerian law.
The Vanguards for the Protection of Muslims in Black Africa, commonly known as Ansaru, is a militant organisation based in the northeast of Nigeria . Led by Khalid Barnawi, it emerged as a faction of Boko Haram but became an independent group in 2012. Not long after it was founded, the group killed a Briton and took an Italian taken hostage in Sokoto. Ansaru was responsible for the abduction of French national Francis Colump near Katsina in December 2012 and the capture of seven foreign nationals from a housing compound owned by Setraco Construction Company in February 2013.
According to the United States Department of State, Ansaru's goal is to "defend Muslims throughout all of Africa by fighting against the Nigerian government and international interests." It was designated as a terrorist organization in November 2013.
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